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經濟學人:巴托比職場專欄--年輕人的工作偏好和就業市場不匹配(1)

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Business

來源于《商業》版塊

Bartleby

巴托比職業專欄

Teenage picks

青少年的選擇

Some unfortunate mismatches in young people’s job preferences and prospects

年輕人在工作偏好和就業前景的錯位令人惋惜

The world of work is changing. Are people ready for the new job outlook? A survey of 15-year-olds across 41countries by the OECD, a club of mostly rich countries, found that teenagers may have unrealistic expectations about the kind of work that will be available.

職場正在發生變化。人們準備好迎接新的工作前景了嗎?主要由富裕國家組成的國際經合組織對41個國家的15歲青少年進行了一項調查。

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Four of the five most popular choices were traditional professional roles: doctors, teachers, business managers and lawyers. Teenagers clustered around the most popular jobs, with the top ten being chosen by 47% of boys and 53% of girls. Those shares were significantly higher than when the survey was conducted back in 2000.

在五個最受歡迎的選擇中,有四個是傳統的專業社會角色:醫生、教師、企業經理和律師。青少年都選擇了最熱門的工作,前10個最受歡迎工作分別由47%的男孩和53%的女孩選擇。這樣的比例明顯高于2000年進行調查時的水平。

The rationale for this selection was partly down to wishful thinking on the part of those surveyed (designers, actors and musical performers were three of the top 15 jobs). Youth must be allowed a bit of hope. When Bartleby was a teenager, his ambitions were to play cricket for England and become prime minister; neither ambition was achieved (a lucky escape for the country on both counts).

這種選擇的理由在一定程度上可以歸結為受訪者的一廂情愿(前15個最受歡迎工作中有3個是設計師、演員和音樂表演者)。必須給年輕人一點希望。巴托比十幾歲的時候,抱負是為英格蘭打板球,以及成為英國首相;這兩個目標都沒有實現(英國在這兩方面都“幸免于難”)。

Furthermore, teenagers can hardly be expected to have an in-depth knowledge of the minutiae of labour-market trends. They will have encountered doctors and teachers in their daily lives. Other popular professions, such as lawyers and police officers, will be familiar from films and social media. But many people end up in jobs they would not have heard of in their school years. You settle for what is available.

此外,很難期望青少年對勞動力市場趨勢的細枝末節有深入的了解。他們在日常生活中可以遇到醫生和老師。其他受歡迎的職業,如律師和警察,在電影和社交媒體中也會很常見。但許多人最終從事了他們在學生時代從未聽說過的工作。勉強接受能做的工作。

譯文由可可原創,僅供學習交流使用,未經許可請勿轉載。

重點單詞   查看全部解釋    
escape [is'keip]

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v. 逃跑,逃脫,避開
n. 逃跑,逃脫,(逃

 
rationale [.ræʃə'nɑ:l]

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n. 基本原理,基礎理論

 
social ['səuʃəl]

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adj. 社會的,社交的
n. 社交聚會

 
available [ə'veiləbl]

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adj. 可用的,可得到的,有用的,有效的

聯想記憶
traditional [trə'diʃənəl]

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adj. 傳統的

 
settle ['setl]

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v. 安頓,解決,定居
n. 有背的長凳

 
mediocre ['mi:diəukə]

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adj. 平庸的,平凡的

聯想記憶
prime [praim]

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adj. 最初的,首要的,最好的,典型的
n.

聯想記憶
unrealistic [.ʌnriə'listik]

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adj. 不切實際的,不實在的

 
prospects

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n. 預期;前景;潛在顧客;遠景展望

 
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